82nd Airborne Division

The 82d Airborne Division landed at Casablanca, 10 May 1943, and trained. Elements first saw combat in Sicily, when the 505th RCT and part of the 504th dropped behind enemy lines, 9-10 July 1943, at Gela. The remainder of the 504th RCT dropped, 11-12 July 1943, also near Gela, after running friendly naval and ground force fire. Scattered elements formed and fought as ground troops. The elements were flown back to Tunisia for reequipment and returned to Sicily to take off for drop landings on the Salerno beachhead.

The 504th Parachute Infantry dropped, 13 September 1943, and the 505th the following night; the 325th landed by boat. These elements bolstered Salerno defenses and fought their way into Naples, 1 October 1943. After a period of occupation duty (and combat for some elements in the Volturno Valley and Anzio beachhead), the Division moved to Ireland, November 1943, and later to England, February 1944, for additional training. Moving in by glider and parachute, troops of the 82d dropped behind enemy lines in Normandy on D-day, 6 June 1944, before ground troops hit the beaches. Cutting off enemy reinforcements, the Division fought its way from Carentan to St. Sauveur-le-Vicomte, fighting 33 days without relief. Relieved on 8 July, it returned to England for refitting.

On 17 September, it was dropped at Nijmegen, 50 miles behind enemy lines, and captured the Nijmegen bridge, 20 September, permitting relief of British paratroops by the British 2d Army. After heavy fighting in Holland, the Division was relieved 11 November and rested in France. It was returned to combat, 18 December 1944, to stem the von Rundstedt offensive, blunting the northern salient of the Bulge. It punched through the Siegfried Line in early February 1945, and crossed the Roer, 17 February. Training with new equipment in March, the Division returned to combat, 4 April, patrolling along the Rhine, securing the Koln area, later moving across the Elbe, 30 April, into the Mecklenburg Plain, where, 2 May 1945, the German 21st Army surrendered.

Unit awards
Medal of Honor
Medal of Honor
Awarded: 2
Distinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Service Cross
Awarded: 37
Distinguished Service Medal
Distinguished Service Medal
Awarded: 2
Silver Star
Silver Star
Awarded: 898
Legion of Merit
Legion of Merit
Awarded: 29
Soldier's Medal
Soldier's Medal
Awarded: 49
Bronze Star
Bronze Star
Awarded: 1.894
Air Medal
Air Medal
Awarded: 15
Combat chronicle
  • 19 February 1944: VIII Corps, but attached to First Army.

  • 13 March 1944: VIII Corps, First Army.

  • 6 June 1944: VII Corps.
  • 
19 June 1944: VIII Corps. 

  • 13 July 1944: Attached to Ninth Army.

  • 12 August 1944: XVIII (Abn) Corps, First Allied (Abn) Army.
  • 
17 September 1944: First Allied (Abn) Army, but attached to the British I (Abn) Corps of the British 21st Army Group.
  • 
9 October 1944: First Allied (Abn) Army, but attached to the British XXX Corps, British Second Army, British 21st Army Group. 

  • 9 November 1944: First Allied (Abn) Army, but attached to. the Canadian II Corps, Canadian First Army, British 21st Army Group.

  • 17 December 1944: First Allied (Abn) Army, but attached to the VIII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  • 18 December 1944: V Corps.

  • 19 December 1944: XVIII (Abn) Corps.

  • 20 December 1944: Attached, with the entire First Army, to the British 21st Army Group.

  • 18 January 1945: First Allied (Abn) Army, but attached to the XVIII (Abn) Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.

  • 14 February 1945: III Corps.

  • 19 February 1945: First Allied (Abn) Army.

  • 31 March 1945: First Allied (Abn) Army, but attached to the XXII Corps, Fifteenth Army, 12th Army Group. 

  • 30 April 1945: First Allied (Abn) Army, but attached to the XVIII (Abn) Corps, Ninth Army.

All American

82nd Airborne Division
Original WW2 patch
A blue circle, containing white letters "AA" superimposed on a red square. A blue arc is above containing word Airborne.

Nicknamed: All American

Slogan: Death From Above

US Paratrooper Jump Wings
Activated: 25 March 1942
Inactivated: Back to the US 3 January 1946

Days of combat: 422

Date overseas: 28 April 1943

Casualties of the 82nd Airborne Division
Killed in action: 1.619
Wounded in action: 6.650
Missing in action: 279
Captured: 615
Total casualties: 9.703

15
Unit Citations: 15
82nd Airborne Division
Commanders of the 82nd Airborne Division during WW2
Maj. Gen. Omar Bradley

Maj. Gen. Omar Bradley

March - June 1942
Maj.-Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway

Maj.-Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway

June 1942 - August 1944
Maj. Gen. James M. Gavin

Maj. Gen. James M. Gavin

August 1944 - 14 March 1948

Campaigns

Sicily

Naples-Foggia

Rome-Arno

Normandy

Ardennes-Alsace

Rhineland

Central Europe

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